It has been derived from the Latin word PERSONA that means MASKS, which the actors used to wear in ancient Greece & Rome Thus...
Personality is as integration of an individual's structure, mode of behavior, interests, attitude, abilities & capacities
It is a combination of emotions, intelligence and moral values which makes a person unique and distinct.
There are as many personalities as there are Individuals in the world.
Characteristics of Personality
- In reality, personality is the best thought of guiding your behavior in a particular direction.
- Allow you to behave in a number of ways depending on the circumstances.
- It predicts your behavior in different situations.
- It does not alter dramatically.
- It distinguishes you in a meaningful ways from other people.
TYPES OF PERSONALITIES
Well known behavioral scientists and psychologists have identified many types of personalities. We shall concentrate on the nine types of personalities. These are
They have their own unique personality traits that are briefly analyzed below.
Perfectionists are realistic, conscientious and principled. They strive to live up to their high ideals. They can get along well with you if you take your share of the responsibilities so they do not end up with all the work.
You need to acknowledge their achievements. It is better if you tell a perfectionist that you value his\her advice.
Perfectionists also expect others to be fair and considerate, as they are. A perfectionist would like to be self disciplined and be able to accomplish a great deal.
He would like to work hard to make the world a better place, having high standards and ethics. They are reasonable, responsible, and dedicated in everything they do.
Example: The great Indian software business leader Narayan Murthy falls in the category of a perfectionist.
Helpers are warm, concerned, nurturing, and sensitive to other people's need. They can get along well with if you tell them you appreciate them. They would expect you to share fun time with them.
They would like you to take interest in their problems; though they will probably try to focus on yours. They want you to know that they are important and special to you.
A helper likes to be able to relate easily to people and make their live better. They are generous, caring and warm. They are sensitive to and perspective others feelings. They are fun-loving and generally possess a good sense of humor.
Example: Mother Teresa is one such personality who was sensitive not only to the needs of few people around, but for the millions of poor in the country.
Achievers are energetic, optimistic, self-assured, and goal-oriented. An achiever gets along well with his coworkers. He welcomes honest, but not unduly critical or judgment harmonious and peaceful. You cannot burden with negative emotions. He likes being optimistic, friendly and upbeat, and likes to provide will for his family. He is happy if he stays informed, knowing what's going on.
Achievers face problems when they have to put up with inefficiency and incompetence. They are gripped with the fear of failure or of not being seen as successful. They keep on struggling to hag on to their success.
Example: Sachin Tendulker the greatest batsman, and Kapil Dev, the greatest all rounder, fall in the category of achiever- always full of energy to achieve something big.
Romantics have sensitive feelings and are warm and perceptive.
A romantic would like to get plenty of compliments. They mean a lot to them. He expects you to be a supportive friend or partner. If you care for him you respect him for his special gifts of intuition and vision. He would like to establish warm connections with people, admire what is noble, truthful, and beautiful in life; he would like to be creative, intuitive, and have a sense of humour. He is unique and is seen as unique by others.
Example: The great Indian painter MF Hussain falls in the type of romantic personality. He has a sensitive and heart and romantic personality for his creativity.
Observers have a need for knowledge and are introverted curious, analytical, and insightful.
An observer likes to be independent, not clingy. He prefers to speak in a straightforward and brief manner. He desires and needs time alone to process his feelings and thought and may doubt your sincerity if you intensely welcome him. He dislikes intrusions in his privacy. He remains calm in a crisis.
An observer faces a problem which he/she is not sure of the situation and is unable to understand the relation between cause and effect. He gets disturbed if his integrity is doubted.
Example: The great economist Noble laureate Amartya Sen is one such observer personality, who is curious analytical insightful.
Questioners are responsible and trustworthy. They value loyalty to family, friends, groups and causes. Their personality rage broadly, from reserved and times to outspoken.
A questioner likes to be direct and clear. He likes others to listen to him carefully. You are required to reassume him that everything is ok between us and not judge him for his anxiety. He is committed and faithful to family and friends, responsible and hardworking compassionate towards others, direct and assertive.
Example: The out spoken Bollywood actress and former Rajya Sabha member Shabana Azmi, may fall in this category. She can raise relevant questions in all platforms.
Adventurers are energetic, lively, and optimistic. They want to contribute to the world.
An adventurer likes to get companionship, affection and freedom. He likes engaging you in stimulation conversation and laughter and expects you to appreciate his grand visions and listen to his stories. He is optimistic and do not let lifeï¿½s troubles get him down. He is spontaneous and free-spirited.
Example: The energetic NRI businessman, Vijay Mallaya, may be categorized in the adventurer type of trying something new that was not done by any Indian earlier.
Asserters are direct, self-reliant, self- confident and protective.
An asserter likes to stand up for you and is confident, strong and direct. He is vulnerable and shares his feelings and at the same time acknowledges your tender, vulnerable side. He likes to get space to be alone, He is curious to hear about his own contributions, but do not flatter him. He likes being independent and self-reliant, able to take charge and meet challenges head on. He is courageous, straightforward, honest, supporting empowering and protective of those close to him.
Example: The former Chief Election Commissioner T.N. Seshan, the straightforward bold officer, is the best Indian example of an asserter.
Peacemakers are receptive, good-natured and supportive. They seek union with others and the world around them.
A peacemaker does not like expectations or pressure. If you want him to do something, how you ask is important. He likes to listen and be of service, but do not take advantage of this. He is very easy to deal with if given time to finish things and make decisions. He likes a good discussion but not a confrontation. He is very caring and concerned about others, He is a good mediator and facilitator; he heightened awareness of sensations, aesthetics, is non judgmental and accepting.
Example: The former Indian Prime minister Atal Bhihari Vajpayee has the peace maker type of personality.